Cataract surgery and Cataract Removal Surgery today is safe, effective and quite common. In fact, if you have been told that you have a cataract, you are definitely not alone. Each year in the United States, more than 2.5 million people seek cataract treatment and have cataract surgery.
Thanks to advanced cataract surgical procedures and lens implant technology, cataract surgery is not only one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in the United States, but it is also one of the safest and most successful surgical procedures that you can have. Cataract surgery is performed by a cataract specialist on an outpatient basis and usually only requires a few hours of your time from beginning to end.
How is Cataract Surgery Performed?
Cataract surgery today is quite comfortable. First, the cataract treatment will begin with our cataract specialist treating your eye with an anesthetic so that you will feel little if anything during your cataract removal and minimal if any discomfort.
Your cataract specialist operates while looking through a highly specialized microscope, designed exclusively for cataract removal. A very small incision, less than 3 cm, is made at the edge of the cornea.
Through the tiny incision, a microsurgical, ultrasonic, oscillating probe is inserted, which gently fragments the cloudy lens, using high frequency sound waves. Simultaneously, this same instrument suctions out the fragmented pieces. This cataract removal process is called “phacoemulsification”. The posterior capsule, an elastic bag-like membrane that held the lens, is left in place.
Once all the minuscule bits of the cataract have been removed, a tiny new clear implant lens is folded, inserted through the small incision, and allowed to open up inside the posterior capsule.
Cataract treatment typically takes 20-30 minutes, and is performed on an outpatient basis by a cataract specialist. This means that you will have the cataract surgery and then go home after cataract treatment, usually around 30 minutes afterwards. Most of the time only local anesthesia is used, so you will be awake for the entire cataracts treatment. After the cataract surgery, you are taken to the recovery room and then released. You will need someone to drive you home.